source: trunk/kernel/libk/spinlock.h @ 14

Last change on this file since 14 was 14, checked in by alain, 5 years ago

Bugs fix.

File size: 6.1 KB
RevLine 
[1]1/*
2 * spinlock.h: kernel spinlock definition     
3 *
4 * Authors  Ghassan Almaless (2008,2009,2010,2011,2012)
5 *          Alain Greiner    (2016)
6 *
7 * Copyright (c) UPMC Sorbonne Universites
8 *
9 * This file is part of ALMOS-MKH.
10 *
11 * ALMOS-MKH is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
12 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
13 * the Free Software Foundation; version 2.0 of the License.
14 *
15 * ALMOS-MKH is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
16 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
17 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
18 * General Public License for more details.
19 *
20 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
21 * along with ALMOS-kernel; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
22 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
23 */
24
25#ifndef _SPINLOCK_H_
26#define _SPINLOCK_H_
27
[14]28#include <kernel_config.h>
[1]29#include <hal_types.h>
30#include <list.h>
31
32/*******************************************************************************************
33 * This structure defines a local spinlock, that sequencializes all read or write accesses
34 * in a given cluster. A new access can only start after completion of the previous access,
35 * when the owner thread releases the lock. The lock has only two states: taken or free.
36 * The owner thread is registered in the spinlock_t structure, and the calling thread
37 * list of local spinlocks is updated.
38 *
39 * A spinlock can be accessed in three modes :
40 *
41 * - The spinlock_lock() function is BLOCKING and use a descheduling policy when the lock
42 *   is already taken. The lock must be released with the spinlock_unlock() function.
43 * - The spinlock_lock_noirq() function is BLOCKING, but uses a polling (busy-waiting)
44 *   policy if the lock is already taken. The IRQs can be disabled or not depending
45 *   on the irq_state argument. The lock must be released with the spinlock_unlock_noirq()
46 *   function.
47 * - The spinlock_trylock() function is NON-BLOCKING, and tries only once to take the lock.
48 *   It must be released with the spinlock_unlock() function.
49 ******************************************************************************************/
50
51/****     Forward declarations    ****/
52
53struct thread_s;
54
55/*******************************************************************************************
56 * This structure defines a local spinlock.
57 ******************************************************************************************/
58
59typedef struct spinlock_s
60{
61        uint32_t            taken;             /*! state : free if zero / taken if non zero  */
62        struct thread_s   * owner;             /*! pointer on curent owner thread            */
63    list_entry_t        list;              /*! list of all locks taken by owner          */
64}
65spinlock_t;
66
67/*******************************************************************************************
68 * This function initializes a local spinlock in free state.
69 *******************************************************************************************
70 * @ lock    : pointer on spinlock.
71 ******************************************************************************************/
72inline void spinlock_init( spinlock_t * lock );
73
74/*******************************************************************************************
75 * This blocking function uses a busy waiting strategy to lock a local spinlock.
76 * It polls the lock and returns only when the lock has been taken.
[11]77 * All IRQs are disabled and will keep disabled until the lock is released.
[1]78 * It increments the calling thread local_locks count when the lock has been taken.
79 *******************************************************************************************
80 * @ lock       : pointer on spinlock
81 * @ irq_state  : buffer to save the SR state (in the calling thread stack)
82 ******************************************************************************************/
83void spinlock_lock_busy( spinlock_t * lock,
84                         uint32_t   * irq_state );
85
86/*******************************************************************************************
87 * This function releases a local busy_waiting spinlock.
[11]88 * It restores the CPU SR state.
[1]89 *******************************************************************************************
90 * @ lock       : pointer on spinlock
91 * @ irq_state  : value to be resrored in CPU SR
92 ******************************************************************************************/
93void spinlock_unlock_busy( spinlock_t * lock,
94                           uint32_t     irq_state );
95
96/*******************************************************************************************
97 * This blocking function locks a local spinlock.
98 * If the lock is already taken, the calling thread deschedules and retries when
99 * it is rescheduled, until success.
100 * It increments the calling thread local_locks count when the lock has been taken.
101 *******************************************************************************************
102 * @ lock       : pointer on spinlock
103 ******************************************************************************************/
104void spinlock_lock( spinlock_t * lock );
105
106/*******************************************************************************************
107 * This non-blocking function tries once to lock a spinlock.
108 * It increments the calling thread locks count in case of success.
109 *******************************************************************************************
110 * @ lock       : pointer on spinlock
111 * @ returns 0 if success / returns non zero if lock already taken.
112 ******************************************************************************************/
[11]113error_t spinlock_trylock( spinlock_t * lock );
[1]114
115/*******************************************************************************************
116 * This function releases a spinlock and do schedule if necessary.
117 *******************************************************************************************
118 * @ lock       : pointer on spinlock
119 ******************************************************************************************/
120void spinlock_unlock( spinlock_t * lock );
121
122
123#endif  /* _SPINLOCK_H_ */
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