source: trunk/tools/bootloader_tsar/boot_hba_driver.h @ 1

Last change on this file since 1 was 1, checked in by alain, 5 years ago

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1///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
2// File     : boot_hba_driver.h
3// Date     : 01/11/2013
4// Authors  : Alain Greiner / Vu Son
5// Copyright (c) UPMC-LIP6
6///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
7// This file defines a simplified driver for SocLib vci_multi_ahci,
8// a multi-channel, block-oriented, external mass storage peripheral
9// respecting the AHCI standard. The driver is used by the ALMOS-MKH
10// boot-loader when the USE_IOC_HBA flag is set in the hard_config.h file.
11// Each channel can access a different physical disk, modeled by a file
12// belonging to the operating system, and containing a complete disk image.
13// However, this driver implementation only supports one channel, since the
14// ALMOS-MKH boot-loader only uses one physical hard drive.
15// The driver uses a software FIFO to register a command defined by a
16// Command Descriptor. A 32-entry Command Descriptor array forms the
17// Command List. Each Command Descriptor is associated with a Command Table
18// describing one given command.
19// All accesses to the device registers are performed via 2 low-level
20// functions boot_hba_get_register() and boot_hba_set_register().
21// Since the driver is used by the boot-loader, it implements synchronous
22// accesses to block device by polling the HBA_PXCI register to detect the
23// transfer completion, as interrupts are not activated.
24///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
25
26#ifndef BOOT_HBA_DRIVER_H
27#define BOOT_HBA_DRIVER_H
28
29#include <hal_types.h>
30
31/****************************************************************************
32 *                            Driver register map.                          *
33 ****************************************************************************/
34
35enum HBA_registers
36{
37    HBA_PXCLB       = 0,        /* 32 LSB of the Command List address       */ 
38    HBA_PXCLBU      = 1,        /* 32 MSB of the Command List address       */
39    HBA_PXIS        = 2,        /* Channel status, for error reporting      */
40    HBA_PXIE        = 3,        /* Enabling / disabling the IRQ line        */
41    HBA_PXCMD       = 4,        /* Activate Command List polling            */
42    HBA_PXCI        = 5,        /* Command status bit-vector.               */
43
44    HBA_SPAN        = 0x400,    /* HBA channel segment size (32 bits words) */
45};
46
47/****************************************************************************
48 * This structure defines the Command Descriptor.                           *
49 ****************************************************************************/
50
51typedef struct hba_cmd_desc_s
52{
53    unsigned char flag[2];      /* WRITE when bit 6 of flag[0] is set.      */
54    unsigned char prdtl[2];     /* Number of buffers.                       */
55    uint32_t      prdbc;        /* Number of bytes transfered.              */
56    uint32_t      ctba;         /* 32 LSB of Command Table address.         */
57    uint32_t      ctbau;        /* 32 MSB of Command Table address.         */
58
59}
60hba_cmd_desc_t;
61
62/****************************************************************************
63 * These structures define the Command Table associated with each Command   *
64 * Descriptor.                                                              *
65 *                                                                          *
66 * For a given command, there is only one LBA coded in 48 bits to identify  *
67 * the block(s) on the device to be transfered. Yet the memory buffer can   *
68 * be splitted in a variable number of contiguous buffers. The Command      *
69 * Table thus contains 2 data structures:                                   *
70 *  - 'hba_cmd_header_t' structure: fixed-size header (16 bytes) defining   *
71 *    the LBA.                                                              *
72 *  - 'hba_cmd_buffer_t' structure: variable-sized array of fixed-size (16  *
73 *    bytes) buffer descriptors.                                            *
74 ****************************************************************************/
75typedef struct hba_cmd_header_s
76{
77    /* Word 1. */
78    uint32_t  res0;             /* Reserved.                                */
79
80    /* Word 2. */
81    unsigned char lba0;         /* LBA 7:0.                                 */
82    unsigned char lba1;         /* LBA 15:8.                                */
83    unsigned char lba2;         /* LBA 23:16.                               */
84    unsigned char res1;         /* Reserved.                                */
85
86    /* Word 3. */
87    unsigned char lba3;         /* LBA 31:24.                               */
88    unsigned char lba4;         /* LBA 39:32.                               */
89    unsigned char lba5;         /* LBA 47:40.                               */
90    unsigned char res2;         /* Reserved.                                */
91
92    /* Word 4. */
93    uint32_t  res3;             /* Reserved.                                */
94}
95hba_cmd_header_t;
96
97typedef struct hba_cmd_buffer_s
98{
99    uint32_t dba;               /* 32 LSB buffer base address.              */
100    uint32_t dbau;              /* 32 MSB buffer base address.              */
101    uint32_t res;               /* Reserved.                                */
102    uint32_t dbc;               /* Buffer bytes count.                      */
103}
104hba_cmd_buffer_t;
105
106typedef struct hba_cmd_table_s
107{
108    hba_cmd_header_t header;
109    hba_cmd_buffer_t buffer;
110}
111hba_cmd_table_t;
112
113/****************************************************************************
114 *                           Driver API functions.                          *
115 ****************************************************************************/
116
117/****************************************************************************
118 * This function initializes the HBA hardware registers and  Command List.  *
119 * @ returns 0 on success, -1 on error.                                     *
120 ****************************************************************************/
121int boot_hba_init();
122
123/****************************************************************************
124 * This function registers a command in the Command List and Command Table. *
125 * @ lba        : LBA of the first block on the block device.               *
126 * @ buff_addr  : memory buffer physical address.                           *
127 * @ count      : number of blocks to be transfered.                        *
128 * @ returns 0 on success, -1 on error.                                     *
129 ****************************************************************************/
130int boot_hba_access( uint32_t  lba,
131                     uint64_t  buf_paddr,
132                     uint32_t  count );
133
134#endif // BOOT_HBA_DRIVER_H
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